In this matter, a surprising variable occurred when the local government of Anbar demanded US ground intervention in the province, which was rejected by the Iraqi government and by Anbar’s political forces as well.
Meanwhile, Anbar continued to demand government support for the fighters and troops on the ground.
Regardless, it is necessary to understand the international military intervention as military support, rather than a return of the control of foreign troops on the ground. Iraqis and the international community alike ought to understand this point. It is only through this common understanding that it will be possible to invest the time and energy and achieve the desired flexibility and cooperation to eliminate IS.
There is a general framework for how the new Iraqi government understands the situation; a third of Iraq is controlled by a terrorist organization and the county is going through large and fateful political and economic crises. The government takes this into account as it tries to get out of this excruciating crisis with the least damage possible at the national level.
Eliminating IS will not be an easy task, and Iraq is going through regional and international difficulties and conflicts that have long been used by terrorist organizations to reach troubled areas. The inability of the international community to solve those conflicts has caused, and still was causing, more challenges to international peace and security.
Add to this the major sectarian polarization in the Middle East, which provided a suitable environment for IS deployment and expansion.
The international community ought to get over the idea of eliminating terrorism through military action alone. Regional crises that are persistent and correlated with the Iraqi crisis should all be dealt with accordingly. For its part, the Iraqi government should soften the atmosphere of suspicion that has spread around the intentions of foreign military intervention.
Initiatives to find a clear mechanism concerning the nature of the cooperation with the international coalition to eliminate terrorism should be taken. Contradictory language should be avoided when addressing Iraqi relations with the United States in particular; rhetoric instead should be transparent and free from any misinterpretation.