However, he said, “Real estate acquisitions are conducted according to the law, as the owners officially cede ownership in return for an amount less than the actual price value of the property as a result of intimidation by the beneficiaries.”
Mohammad Koun, a member of the parliamentary integrity commission, told Al-Monitor, “Influential political and official parties are behind the violations of real estate ownership. They are associated with corrupt networks, with a record in falsifying real estate and land deeds.” He added, “The government’s mission is to put an end to this phenomenon, since it is responsible for following the general policy of the state according to Article 78 of the [Iraqi] Constitution.”
The infringements on emigrant-owned properties and widespread corruption in real estate registration are examples of the general corruption in Iraq. Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index released this year confirmed this. The report placed Iraq among the 10 lowest-ranking countries in terms of corruption in 2015, tying with Libya for 161st place out of 168 countries included in the index.
The problem, along with its negative social impact, cannot be solved by the temporary measures taken Aug. 7 by the Justice Ministry to suspend property registration. The situation requires the rule of law as well as security and stability in order to end all kinds of corruption.