Executive summary BuddeCommâ€™s Annual Publication, â€˜Iraq – Telecoms, Mobile and Broadbandâ€™, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in Iraq. The main story of telecommunications in Iraq continues to be mobile. Before the Iraq war of 2003 mobile telecoms did not exist in most of Iraq outside the Kurdish areas. In the five years since the launch of services in 2004, subscriber numbers have exploded to reach penetration levels much higher than in neighbouring Syria or in Lebanon, at nearly 60%. However, there remains room for expansion and annual growth levels are high at over 40% in early 2009. Three operators share the market but Zain of Kuwaitâ€™s subsidiary Zain Iraq has much the largest market share, with well over 50% of the market.