The following report was presented by Ahmed Mousa Jiyad to the Institute for Energy of the European Commission in Amsterdam, and it is reproduced here with his permission.
Mr Jiyad is an independent development consultant, scholar and Associate with Centre for Global Energy Studies-CGES, London. He was formerly a senior economist with the Iraq National Oil Company and Iraq’s Ministry of Oil, Chief Expert for the Council of Ministers, Director at the Ministry of Trade, and International Specialist with UN organizations in Uganda, Sudan and Jordan. Jiyad is regular contributor to MEES publications. He is now based in Norway (Email: email@example.com).