Seventy per cent of people fleeing Mosul are arriving to displacement sites, where aid agencies such as NRC are providing them with basic essentials like food, water and shelter. NRC is also providing psychosocial support to children who are suffering from trauma.
NRC is also concerned about humanitarian needs in areas of the city that have been brought under Iraqi government control, where tens of thousands of civilians lack access to water, food, electricity and basic health services. The humanitarian community must not only provide assistance in camps, but also provide a coordinated response to people in their areas of origin, as the security situation allows.
“NRC calls on the government to ensure humanitarian access to these areas, to rapidly restore law and order, and to expedite the clearance of mines and unexploded ordnances so people in need can be assisted,” said Wolfgang Gressmann.
Facts about the humanitarian situation in Iraq:
- More than 1 million civilians are at risk of being affected by the ongoing military operations to retake Mosul. At least 700,000 are likely to need urgent assistance in the form of shelter, food, water or medical support.
- The humanitarian community launched the Mosul emergency appeal for US$284 million in July. Four months on and only 64 per cent has been received.
- The annual aid appeal for Iraq is only 62 per cent funded of US$861 requested by the UN. The impact of under-funding for the operation as a whole has been enormous.
- An estimated 10 million people are in humanitarian need across Iraq.
- Some 3.3 million people have been internally displaced since January 2014.
- The Kurdistan Region of Iraq hosts some 250,000 refugees from Syria.
(Picture: NRC/Michelle Delaney)