Experts say high blood pressure can be largely prevented by adopting some life style modifications. According to Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension, the following measure greatly help:
• Maintaining a healthy body weight
• Consuming a health diet (fruits, vegetables, grains and proteins)
• Limited intake of salt
• Becoming physically active at least doing some activity for 30 minutes a day
• Avoiding use of tobacco and
• Regularly checking blood pressure.
World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April every year to mark the anniversary of the founding of WHO in 1948. Each year, a theme is selected to highlight a priority area of public health concern in the world. This year, the Day is being celebrated across the world to raise awareness on high blood pressure or hypertension.
High blood pressure or hypertension, is a condition in which the blood vessels have persistently raised pressure. Blood is carried from the heart to all parts of the body in the vessels. Each time the heart beats, it pumps blood into the vessels. Blood pressure is created by the force of blood pushing against the walls of blood vessels (arteries) as it is pumped by the heart. The higher the pressure the harder the heart has to pump.
The higher the blood pressure, the higher the risk of damage to the heart and blood vessels in major organs such as the brain and kidneys. Many people with high blood pressure in developing countries remain undiagnosed, and so miss out on treatment that could significantly reduce their risk of death and disability from heart disease and stroke.