By Dr Renad Mansour for the Royal Institute for International Affairs (Chatham House). Any opinions expressed are those of the author(s), and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.
Networks of Power -- The Popular Mobilization Forces and the state in Iraq
The PMF and its connection to the state continues to confound policymakers inside and outside of Iraq.
At the heart of unsuccessful attempts to understand, engage or navigate this dynamic is a fundamental misreading of the nature of both the Iraqi state and the PMF.