Wednesday's United Nations Security Council decisions removed, among other things, the restrictions on Iraq's importation of nuclear technology.
But how will Iraq use this new freedom? A report from Reuters suggests some options:
The UN move allows Iraq to re-develop nuclear reactors, but Science and Technology Minister, Raed Fahmy, said a full study would be needed before the government could make a decision.
"The question here is, do we want to enter into the arena of having an electro-nuclear plant? Yes, it is an acceptable project and this option has become the choice of many countries in the world, especially because the world is looking to produce clean energy," he told Reuters.
Iraq is short of electricity and currently has a generating capacity of about 9,000 megawatts. The national grid supplies power for only a few hours a day.
In its effort to rebuild after years of war and sanctions, Iraq hopes to triple its capacity to 27,000 MW in four years.
Israel bombed Iraq's Osirak nuclear reactor in 1981.
Iraq's Health Minister, Saleh al-Hasnawi, said Iraq would develop the sorts of nuclear-based medicines widely used by other countries.