The report stressed that in terms of [military] capabilities, the Iraqi army “comes behind the Syrian army that ranked 39th, the Yemeni army that ranked 43rd, the Jordanian army that ranked 56th and the United Arab Emirates that ranked 57th.”
The report was based on 40 different factors to determine each country’s power index. They include available manpower, financial resources and army statistics.
According to the report, Iraq allocated nearly $5.57 billion to its defense budget. It has 396 tanks, 2,643 armored [fighting] vehicles, 24 self-propelled guns, 234 artillery units, 55 rocket projectors and up to 9,000 logistical vehicles.
The report said that Iraq has an air force of nearly 278 aircraft, including drones, transport aircraft, amphibious aircraft and 129 helicopters.
The report revealed that Iraq does not have aircraft carriers, frigates, submarines or amphibious assault forces.
The Iraqi army dates back to 1921, when the first armed forces unit — the Musa al-Kadhim regiment — was established under the British Mandate of Iraq, and the armed forces command was established in Baghdad. This was followed by the establishment of the Iraqi air force in 1931 and the Iraqi naval force in 1937. The number of army personnel reached its peak with the end of the Iran-Iraq war in 1988, with 1 million personnel.
Ali Abel Sadah is a Baghdad-based writer for both Iraqi and Arab media. He has been a managing editor for local newspapers as well as a political and cultural reporter for more than 10 years.