*The Federal Public Service Council
The so-called Federal Public Service Council is in a similar state of stasis. In a rentier economy like Iraq where the government provides most of the jobs, these tend to be given out via bribery, nepotism or influence.
The Federal Public Service Council is supposed to solve this problem of corruption within the state services and to raise the level of public office as well as provide equal opportunities.
In fact, a law on the Council’s existence was passed in March 2009 but because nobody could decide how the Council was going to be formed or what sort of representation each political party would have on it – that is, who would be giving out the jobs “more fairly” – the Council doesn’t exist as yet.
It was meant to put an end to corrupt practices – however the Federal Public Service Council has become yet another duelling ground for arguments about quotas, power and corruption.
*The Federal Supreme Court
There is also a draft law regarding the work of Iraq’s highest court, the Federal Supreme Court, waiting for further discussion. The court has regularly taken a stand on, and interfered with, political decisions – just as the Supreme Court does in the US.
In Iraq, the Federal Supreme Court has been a controversial body with some saying it is too much influenced by those currently in power.
MP Abdul Rahman al-Lawzi, a member of parliament's legal committee and part of the opposition Iraqiya movement, told NIQASH that the law on the Federal Supreme Court needed to be passed before elections in 2014.
“The elections might give rise to conflict,” al-Lawzi explained. “There might need to be decisions made about who can form the government.”