Some of these attacks have turned deadly. In July 2014, armed militias carried out a terrifying massacre, killing about 30 women in a residential apartment in Zayouna district in eastern Baghdad that they claimed were showing "immoral behavior."
In the latest incident, as in all of the previous ones, the Interior Ministry formed a committee under Abadi's direction to investigate the issue, but no investigations have been announced, and the ministry has not produced any perpetrator of an attack on public freedoms for prosecution, implying some sort of solidarity with the perpetrators.
Meanwhile, the Interior Ministry claimed that bars and nightclubs are under constant attack because they were never granted official licenses to conduct business.
Such licenses are usually granted by the Iraqi Ministry of Tourism, which, ever since the change of the political system in Iraq after the US occupation in 2003, has granted no official licenses to sell alcohol or open establishments dedicated to alcohol use. Iraq's Law No. 6 of 2001 regulates these places and was preceded by Law No. 82 of 1994.
The Iraqi parliament has not discussed any new law regulating this industry following 2003, leaving the previous laws in effect despite being adopted during Saddam's faith campaign in a bid to court religious movements.
However, in the new Iraqi era, the 1994 law, which regulates the granting of licenses to such places based on certain regulations and limits these licenses to “non-Muslim” religious minorities, has not been applied.
The Baghdad Provincial Council, in a rare reference to 2009, when the issue was discussed in the Iraqi Parliament, accused the Ministry of Tourism of not granting liquor-sales licenses for Sharia reasons.