By John Lee.
Iraq was the largest beneficiary from China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2021, according to a study by the Green Finance & Development Center, at Shanghai's Fudan University.
It says the country with the highest construction volume was Iraq, with about $10.5 billion, followed by Serbia (about $6.8 billion) and Indonesia (about $2.4 billion).
In the energy sector, Iraq received by far the most investment from China in 2021.
Iraq and China cooperate on oil (e.g., construction of the Al Khairat heavy oil power plant with a total value of about $5 billion), gas (e.g., development of the Mansuriya gas field by Sinopec together with Iraq's Midland Oil Company), as well as solar (e.g., a 2 GW power PV project, currently in permission stage developed and owned by Power Construction Corporation of China valued at $3.7 billion).
The report suggests that the price for the solar power project seems unusually high if no energy storage facility is included, with a comparable 2.2GW solar plant completed in China's Qinghai, with 202 MWh storage, at a cost of $2.2 billion.
A Chinese company, the China State Construction Engineering Corporation (CSCEC), will also rehabilitate Nassiryiah International Airport.
(Source: Green Finance & Development Center)